Australian Gecko Lizards

There are lots of different gecko lizards in Australia.

They are very common, particularly in the northern, tropical half of Australia, and there are many more than the most familiar - the common house gecko.


There are at least 60 species but likely much more, and new ones keep being discovered as the research goes on.
 
Eastern Stone Gecko (Diplodactylus Vittatus) Licking Eyeball, Wimmera Mallee, Western Victoria
Eastern Stone Gecko. Poster by AllPosters. Click on thumbnail to buy

Facts about Australian Gecko Lizards
They are small lizards that inhabit many different environments and they are harmless to humans.

They can be distinguished from other lizards by their relatively small size, characteristic feet and large eyes with vertical pupils. They have just got that gecko look.

They are mostly nocturnal and mostly insect eaters although some also include nectar in their diet. Some larger ones can even eat smaller animals such as frogs and other geckos.

They have soft bodies, no movable eyelids (just an immobile transparent scale), and their tongues are long enough to reach the eyes to clean them.

They can live up to 20 years.

Some gecko lizards live in tropical rainforests, but the majority likes dry habitats.

Beaked Gecko (Rhynchoedura Ornata), Colson's Pinnacle, Northern Territory, Australia
Beaked Gecko. Poster by AllPosters. Click on thumbnail to buy

Ground Dwellers and Tree Dwellers
They can also be divided into those that live on the ground and those that live up in trees or in rocky areas.

The ground dwellers have narrow feet with thin toes while the tree and rock dwellers have expanded toe pads that enable them to cling to vertical surfaces (and as we know from house geckos, even ceilings).

Rough Knobtail Gecko (Nephrurus Amyae), Central Australia, Captive
Rough Knobtail Gecko. Poster by AllPosters. Click on thumbnail to buy

Some of the Species
Some of the species include Asian House Gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus), Barking Gecko (Underwoodisaurus milii), Broad Tailed Gecko (Phyllurus platurus), Giant Cave Gecko (Pseudothecadactylus lindneri), Southern Leaf-tailed Gecko (Saltuarius swaini), Clawless Gecko (Crenadactylus ocellatus), Robust Velvet Gecko (Oedura robusta), Wood Gecko (Diplodactylus vittatus), Prickly Gecko (Heteronotia binoei), Eastern Dtella (Gehyra dubia), Golden Tailed Gecko (Diplodactylus taenicauda) and Chameleon Gecko (Carphodactylus laevis).

Fat-Tailed Gecko (Diplodactylus Conspicillatus) Licking Eyeball, Colson's Pinnacle
Fat Tailed Gecko. Poster by AllPosters. Click on thumbnail to buy

Australian geckoes belong to three families: Diplodactylidae, Carphodactylidae and Gekkonidae.

Australian Gecko Lizards - Family Diplodactylidae
Family Diplodactylidae inludes Amalosia, Bavayia, Correlophus, Crenadactylus, Dactylocnemis, Dierogekko, Diplodactylus, Eurydactylodes, Hesperoedura, Hoplodactylus, Lucasium, Mniarogekko, Mokopirirakau, Naultinus, Nebulifera, Oedodera, Oedura, Paniegekko, Pseudothecadactylus, Rhacodactylus, Rhynchoedura, Strophurus, Toropuku, Tukutuku and Woodworthia genera. An example is Eastern Spiny Tailed Gecko.

Eastern Spiny-Tailed Gecko (Strophurus Williamsi), Australia
Eastern Spiny Tailed Gecko. By AllPosters. Click on thumbnail to buy

Australian Gecko Lizards - Family Carphodactylidae

Family Carphodactylidae includes Carphodactylus, Nephrurus, Orraya, Phyllurus,   Saltuarius, Underwoodisaurus and Uvidicolus genera. An example is Banded Knob Tail Gecko.

Banded Knob Tail Gecko (Nepherus Wheeleri), Australia
Banded Knob Tail Gecko. By AllPosters. Click on thumbnail to buy

Australian Gecko Lizards - Family Gekkonidae
Family Gekkonidae includes Afroedura, Afrogecko, Agamura, Ailuronyx, Alsophylax,    Altiphylax, Blaesodactylus, Bunopus, Calodactylodes, Chondrodactylus, Christinus, Cnemaspis, Colopus, Crossobamon, Cryptactites, Cyrtodactylus, Cyrtopodion, Dixonius, Ebenavia, Elasmodactylus, Geckolepis, Gehyra, Gekko, Goggia, Hemidactylus, Hemiphyllodactylus, Heteronotia, Homopholis, Lepidodactylus, Luperosaurus, Lygodactylus, Matoatoa, Mediodactylus, Microgecko, Nactus, Narudasia, Pachydactylus, Paragehyra, Paroedura, Perochirus, Phelsuma, Pseudoceramodactylus, Pseudogekko, Ptenopus, Ptychozoon, Rhoptropus, Stenodactylus, Tenuidactylus, Tropiocolotes, Urocotyledon and Uroplatus genera. An example is the common or Asian house gecko.

Geckos are Usual Inhabitants of Houses
House gecko. Poster by AllPosters. Click on thumbnail to buy

 















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