Different Types of Frogs

There are a few different types of frogs in Australia.

Below is some information about the different types, what do frogs eat and what is their habitat.


Frog Facts - Green Frogs
Because frogs lose a lot of water through their permeable skin, they need a moist habitat. Most of Australian frog species live therefore in the moist northern and eastern Australia.

White's Treefrog, Litorea Caerulea, Australia
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They are most numerous in the Kimberleys, the tope end of Northern Territory, and the Cape York peninsula in far north Queensland. Many species are also found in the south-western WA, and in the south-east of the continent, in the states like New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.

Green Tree Frog (Litoria Caerulea) on Leaf, Northern Territory, Australia
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Facts about Frogs Habitat
There are a few species, however, that live in the arid inland deserts of Australia. These frogs are the so-called burrowing frogs. When the wet season ends, they burrow theselves deep into the ground (up to 1m), and stay there until the rains come back. They are known to stay underground up to three years if a drought comes along.

White's or Dumpy Treefrog, Litoria Caerulea, Australia
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Different Types of Frogs in Australia

There are about 230 species of frogs in Australia. Australian frogs belong to six families: Hylidae, Limnodynastidae, Myobatrachidae, Ranidae and Bufonidae.

Lesueur's Tree Frog (Litoria Lesueuri), Daintree River, North Queensland, Australia
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Different Types of Frogs - Hylidae
Hylidae is by far the largest frog family in Australia. The frogs that belong to this family are the so-called tree frogs, with expanded circular discs on the finger- and toe-tips, which enable them to climb. There are 11 species of Cyclorana frogs which burrow themselves under the ground during the dry season; 68 species of Litoria frogs that cover the whole Australia; and one Nyctimystes species - the 23 relatives of which live in New Guinea.

Red Eyed Treefrog, Queensland, Australia
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Different Types of Frogs
- Limnodynastidae
This family is exclusive to Australia except one species that is also found in New Guinea. The frogs of this family build a foam nest for their eggs. The different generas include Adelotus (with large heads); Heleioporus (bulky burrowing frogs); Philoria; Lechriodus; Neobatrachus; Notaden; and Platypectrum.

Golden Bell Frog, Native to Australia
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Different Types of Frogs - Microhylidae
Microhylids are the frogs whose larval stages are passed inside the eggs, and there are no free living tadpoles. Almost all Microhylids live on the Cape York peninsula in north Queensland. There are at least two genera: Austrochaperina and Cophixalus.

Golden Bell Frog, Native to Australia
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Different Types of Frogs - Myobatrachidae
This is the only frog family unique to Australia, and there are a few interesting habits within this family. Myobatrachus and Pseudophyrne are known for their ability to burrow head first. Assa frogs are known for the fact that the adult male carries tadpoles in his hip pouches. Crinia frogs are known as "froglets". Pseudophyrne frogs lay their eggs out of water. Metacrinia breeds out of water. Mixophyes push their spawn up from the stream edge onto wet soil. But most interesting of all, Rheobatrachus female swallows the fertilised eggs, broods them in her stomach, and gives birth through her mouth!

Golden Bell Frog, Native to Australia
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Different Types of Frogs - Ranidae
Just like Hylidae, Ranidae family has a global distribution. These are the frogs eaten in restaurants and used for medicines. In Australia, there is only one species of Ranidae - Rana daemeli.

Cane Toad (Bufo Marinus) also known as Marine Toad, Along Shoreline, Barro Colorado Island, Panama
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Exotic Frogs - Bufonidae

And finally, Bufonidae - also represented by only one species in Australia - our cane toad Bufo marinus - a poisonous, introduced species that is a pest in Australia.














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