Carboniferous Period

Carboniferous period was named after carbon.

The first reptiles evolved during this period.


The period was named because of the formation of the carbon-bearing coal deposits in the Northern Hemisphere. There, the climate was warm.
 
Animals and Plants of the Carboniferous Era in Europe
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In Australia, (still a part of the Gondwana continent), the climate was very cold during this time. It was covered in ice and it was actively volcanic - very different from the warm and geologically stable continent it is today.

Eryops Were the Highest Type of Life During the Carboniferous Period
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The glacial indicators, such as striated pavements, scratches and grooves in bedrock, tills, erratics and dropstones have been recorded in Tasmania, Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia.

A Carboniferous Forest of Midwestern North America 350 Million Years Ago
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Plant and animal fossils from this period are different from those from Cambrian and Devonian times - coral reefs are absent and marine fossils represent a cold-water fauna.

Fern Leaf, Neuropteris Species Carboniferous, PA, USA
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Plant fossils are distinctive too, representing the first cold-climate vegetation that evolved on the Earth, known as "the Gondwana flora".















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