Australia Government

Australia Government is the Commonwealth or Federal Government.

The Australian Parliament consists of two houses - the Senate, and the House of Representatives.


The Senate is the "upper house" - with 76 senators - 12 from every state and territory.
 
The Australian Parliament in Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia, Pacific
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The House of Representatives is the "lower house" - with 150 'members of Parliament' - how many from each state and territory depends of the size of the population.

Both senators and MPs discuss matters of national importance, including laws, and are voted by people. Not all the members of Parliament belong to a political party, however most do.

The main political parties in Australia are the Liberals, the Labor, the Nationals and the Greens.

The Australia Government is formed after an election from the party (or coalition of the parties) that has the majority of members in the House of Representatives.

The leader of that party becomes the Prime Minister and s/he chooses Senators and Members of Parliament to become Ministers.

The party with the second largest amount of members forms the Opposition. The leader of that party becomes the Leader of the Opposition.

The Federal Government is responsible for things like foreign affairs, defence, immigration and citizenship, national economy, trade, taxation, social security, employment, air safety and airports, and communication and postal services.

The Australian Parliament in Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia, Pacific
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There are also the state/territory, and local governments. The state and territory governments have similar structure to the Federal Government. Local governments are the local councils.

State and territory governments are responsible for roads, railways and public transport, police, schools, hospitals and forestry.

Local governments are responsible for local roads, bridges and footpaths, traffic controls and street signs, rubbish collection, building permits, libraries, playgrounds, parks and swimming pools, social planning, halls and community centres, libraries, drains, local environmental issues, some aged care and child care issues, animal and noise control, meat and food inspection, and camping grounds and caravan parks.





























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